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Home :: History of India :: Ancient India :: Ancient India - Time Period & Events

Ancient India - Time Period & Events

Topics Period Events
Pre-historic India 4,00,000 BC – 2500 BC Paleeolithic Age, Mesolithic Age, Neolithic Age and Age in the sub-continent
Sindhu-Saravasti Valley-Civilization 2500 BC – 1500 BC About the civilization, Society, Life, Important settlements and the End of the Civilization.
The Vedic Age 1500 BC – 1000 BC About the vedic life, Vedas, Important tribes, Rituals and Vedic Gods.
The Epic Age 1000 BC – 600 BC The Epic Society, Ramayana, Mahabharta, Bhagvad Gita, Upanishadas, Caste System, Distinction of Aryans and Dravidians.
Hindusim and Transition 600 BC – 322 BC Transition of Hinduism, Rituals, Rebels against Rituals, Jainism, Buddhism, Mahajanapadas, Rise of Magadha under Bimbisara and Ajatashatru, Foundation of Pataliputra, Shishunaga Dynasty, Nanda Dynasty, Alexander's Invasion, Fight with Puru and results.
The Mauryan Dynasty 322 BC – 185 BC Establishment of the Mauryan Dynasty by Chandragupta with the help of Chanakya, Negotiation with Seleucus Nicator, Northern India United, Money first came into use, Bindusara extends kingdom southwards, Asoka's war on Kalinga, Asoka embraces Buddhism, Asoka sends Buddhist missionaries, Pushyamitra Shunga overthrows the Mauryas.
The Invasions 185 BC – 320 AD Invasions from Bactrian Greeks, Parthians, Shakas and Kushans. Cultural Fusion. Central Asia was opened to trade. Silk Route opened. Nagarjuna converts Menander to buddhism. First gold coins issued. Kanishka introduces Saka Era. Fourth council of Buddhism held in Kashmir. Schism of Buddhism into Hinayana and Mahayana.
The Deccan & South India 65 BC – 250 AD Satavahana or Andhras establish power in Deccan under the leadership of Simuka. Satakarni succeeds Simuka. Building of Chaityas and Viharas. Domination of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas in South India. Sangam Era started. Trimurthy takes place of Vedic Gods. St.Thomas spreads Christianity in South India.
The Gupta Era 320 AD – 520 AD Gupta power extends under Chandragupta I. Classical Age and Golden Age of North India. Fa-hien visits India. Nalanda University becomes famous. Samudra gupta extends kingdom. Vikramaditya campaigns against Shakas. Shankuntalam by Kalidasa, Panchatantra by Vishnugupta, Kamasutra by Vatsayana were written. Mathematics reaches zenith with Aryabhatta's knowledge. Hunas raid north-west India.
The Age of Small Kingdoms 500 AD – 606 AD Huna kings Toramana and Mihirakula claims Punjab and Kashmir. Migration from Central Asia and Iran. Emergence of new castes and sub-castes. Confusion in North India while South enjoys peace.
Harshavardhana 606 AD – 647 AD Harsha Brings stability to North. Bana Bhatta writes Harshacharita. Hieun Tsang visits India. Caste system becomes rigid.
The Southern Kingdoms 500 AD – 750 AD South India is united under Chalukyas, Pallavas and Pandyas. Bhakti Cult emerges. Beautiful temples were erected in the mountains. Cultural units come into existence.
The Chola Empire 9th Cen. AD – 13th Cen. AD Vijayalaya establishes Chola empire. Cholas conquer Sri Lanka and Maldives. Rajaraja and Rajendra I strengthen Chola power. Temples play important role in public life. Development of regional languages from Sanskrit. Chola craftsmen excelled in making of Nataraja.
The Northern Kingdoms 648 AD – 1000 AD Rashtrakutas, Palas and Pratiharas establish their empire. Regional languages evolved. Splendid temples of Konark, Puri and Kanchipuram were built. Miniature painting flourished.
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