||4,00,000 BC 2500 BC
||Paleeolithic Age, Mesolithic Age, Neolithic Age and Age in the
||2500 BC 1500 BC
||About the civilization, Society, Life, Important settlements and
the End of the Civilization.
|The Vedic Age
||1500 BC 1000 BC
||About the vedic life, Vedas, Important tribes, Rituals and Vedic
|The Epic Age
||1000 BC 600 BC
||The Epic Society, Ramayana, Mahabharta, Bhagvad Gita, Upanishadas,
Caste System, Distinction of Aryans and Dravidians.
|Hindusim and Transition
||600 BC 322 BC
||Transition of Hinduism, Rituals, Rebels against Rituals, Jainism,
Buddhism, Mahajanapadas, Rise of Magadha under Bimbisara and
Ajatashatru, Foundation of Pataliputra, Shishunaga Dynasty, Nanda
Dynasty, Alexander's Invasion, Fight with Puru and results.
|The Mauryan Dynasty
||322 BC 185 BC
||Establishment of the Mauryan Dynasty by Chandragupta with the help
of Chanakya, Negotiation with Seleucus Nicator, Northern India United,
Money first came into use, Bindusara extends kingdom southwards, Asoka's
war on Kalinga, Asoka embraces Buddhism, Asoka sends Buddhist
missionaries, Pushyamitra Shunga overthrows the Mauryas.
||185 BC 320 AD
||Invasions from Bactrian Greeks, Parthians, Shakas and Kushans.
Cultural Fusion. Central Asia was opened to trade. Silk Route opened.
Nagarjuna converts Menander to buddhism. First gold coins issued.
Kanishka introduces Saka Era. Fourth council of Buddhism held in
Kashmir. Schism of Buddhism into Hinayana and Mahayana.
|The Deccan & South India
||65 BC 250 AD
||Satavahana or Andhras establish power in Deccan under the
leadership of Simuka. Satakarni succeeds Simuka. Building of Chaityas
and Viharas. Domination of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas in South India.
Sangam Era started. Trimurthy takes place of Vedic Gods. St.Thomas
spreads Christianity in South India.
|The Gupta Era
||320 AD 520 AD
||Gupta power extends under Chandragupta I. Classical Age and Golden
Age of North India. Fa-hien visits India. Nalanda University becomes
famous. Samudra gupta extends kingdom. Vikramaditya campaigns against
Shakas. Shankuntalam by Kalidasa, Panchatantra by Vishnugupta, Kamasutra
by Vatsayana were written. Mathematics reaches zenith with Aryabhatta's
knowledge. Hunas raid north-west India.
|The Age of Small Kingdoms
||500 AD 606 AD
||Huna kings Toramana and Mihirakula claims Punjab and Kashmir.
Migration from Central Asia and Iran. Emergence of new castes and
sub-castes. Confusion in North India while South enjoys peace.
||606 AD 647 AD
||Harsha Brings stability to North. Bana Bhatta writes Harshacharita.
Hieun Tsang visits India. Caste system becomes rigid.
|The Southern Kingdoms
||500 AD 750 AD
||South India is united under Chalukyas, Pallavas and Pandyas. Bhakti
Cult emerges. Beautiful temples were erected in the mountains. Cultural
units come into existence.
|The Chola Empire
||9th Cen. AD 13th Cen. AD
||Vijayalaya establishes Chola empire. Cholas conquer Sri Lanka and
Maldives. Rajaraja and Rajendra I strengthen Chola power. Temples play
important role in public life. Development of regional languages from
Sanskrit. Chola craftsmen excelled in making of Nataraja.
|The Northern Kingdoms
||648 AD 1000 AD
||Rashtrakutas, Palas and Pratiharas establish their empire. Regional
languages evolved. Splendid temples of Konark, Puri and Kanchipuram were
built. Miniature painting flourished.