Wildlife of Gujarat
is one of the most famous attractions for visitors to Gujarat. The state has
a variety of landscapes and landforms to shelter a wide range of animal
species. The deciduous forests of Gir, the expansive grasslands of
Velavadar, vast landscapes of the Rann of Kutch and the wetlands of
Nalsarovar are the main habitats of the animal species found in Gujarat. The
state has a number of national parks and sanctuaries where you can watch
some of the rarest species of animals and birds.
The national parks and sanctuaries in Gujarat are as follows:
» Gir National Park
» Marine National Park
» Blackbuck National Park
» Vansda National Park
» Wild Ass Sanctuary
» Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary
» Narayan Sarovar Chinkara Sanctuary
» Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
» Thol Wildlife Sanctuary
» Porbandar Bird Sanctuary
» Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary
Gir National Park
to the last surviving population of the Asiatic Lions, the Gir National Park
is Located in the south-west border of the Saurashtra Peninsula in the state
of Gujarat India. Inhabiting about 300 Asiatic Lions, this area flanked with
three unique and unusual reserves, the Nalsarovar Lake and Sanctuary; the
Rann of Kutch and the Flamingo Islands makes a very delightful wildlife
holiday for the wildlife enthusiasts.
Spread in an area of 1412.13 sq km, the Gir park area was the royal hunting
grounds of the Nawab of Junagadh, and later defined as a protected forest by
the concerned Government bodies. In 1966, 600 sq km were initially bounded
as the Gir forest area, which was further extended to 1150 sq km. The park
with it's core area of approximately 300 sq km was officially declared a
national park in 1975.
Marine National Park
Spread over an area of 458 sq km, it is India's first marine national park.
The national park is located in the Gulf of Kutch and is located at a
distance of 30 km from Jamnagar. A variety of corals and fishes call the
park their home and can be found close to the Pirotan Islands. Besides, the
park is home to some rare and threatened species of animals and birds. The
great Indian bustard, one of the most threatened bird species in India, has
found a refuge here. The four-horned antelopes and blackjacks are the other
major attractions for visitors in the park.
The marine life in the park is really interesting and worth seeing. Apart
from beautiful corals, you can witness turtles, shrimp, sponge, eel and sea
urchin among others. Octopuses can also be seen in good numbers here.